Varieties of Essential Oils

Varieties of Essential Oils

Aroma of the essential oils have the ability to enhance the mind, body & atmosphere, improves sleep quality, uplifts mood & precise ambience. Essential oils have limitless benefits & it is very confusing to select essential oil uses. You can choose the oils based on the characteristics of their ‘aroma families’. Every essential oil has aroma by which these can be easily identified (citrus, floral, minty, etc.) & corresponding effect (calm, grounding, cool, etc.) these help to identify the ideal application of the oils.

Here, we will highlight the core aroma families. Essential oils are described as soft, sweet, earthy & warm aroma with spicy undertones. The aroma of the oil can change from one batch to another; this can happen according to the growing conditions of the tree. We will focus on aroma families of the oils.


3 Essential Oil Aroma Notes:


You can distinguish the aroma families on the basis of the primary notes. It is the feature that differentiate on how long the scent lasts. These can be categorized as top, middle & base notes. Some oils can have multiple notes that give them luxurious quality.

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Oil blends can change over the time because essential oils have different degrees of volatility meaning that they all have diverse rates of evaporation & every oil has its own causes.

  1. The oils that have small molecules are used in essential oil blends; most volatile oils evaporate first. These are known top notes; these disappear first & there scent are also detected first.
  2. Base notes are oils with large & heavy molecules, these are slow & last to evaporate that’s why they are long lasting scents.
  3. Middle notes are those which reveal their scents gradually & help to combine the top & base notes for peaceful fragrance.
NotesCategory
TopBay, Cardamom, Citrus oils, Cypress, Eucalyptus, Mint oils, Pine, Rosemary, Sage
Middle Black pepper, Cajeput, Cedarwood, Chamomile, Cinnamon, Clove Bud, Geranium, Jasmine, Juniper Berry, Myrtle, Myrrh, Nutmeg, Palmarosa, Rose Absolute
BaseFrankincense, Patchouli, Sandalwood, Valerian, Vetiver 

Which Oils Blend Well Together?

An individual’s preference can decide what smells good together. When you combine oils from the same family they blend well but this is not the rule. You can easily make blends when you know the choice of the person or purpose. The best combination of oils is when you mix all 3 notes that create a balanced & harmonious aroma.  

Aroma FamilyBlends well with
CitrusFloral, Minty, Spicy, Woody
FloralCitrus, Spicy, Woody
HerbaceousMinty, Woody
CamphoraceousCitrus, Spicy, Woody/Earthy, Herbaceous
Minty/SpicyCitrus, Woody, Herbaceous, Earthy, Floral
Resinous/muskyCitrus, Floral
EarthyWoody, Minty
WoodyFloral, Herbaceous, Minty, Spicy, Citrus  

8 Families of Essential Oil:

Many oils can have more than one aroma so don’t get confused. Let’s check out the table given below:

Aroma FamilyEssential OilsBenefits
CitrusLemon, Orange, Grapefruit, Bergamot, Lime, Citronella, Lemongrass, Mandarin Energizing, Uplifting, Emotionally balancing to reduce feelings of stress, and anxiety, Deodorizing, popular addition to antibacterial oil, blends, Refreshing, Stimulating for mental and spiritual vigor
HerbaceousChamomile, Clary Sage, Eucalyptus, Fennel, Marjoram Rosemary, Thyme, Oregano, Bay Laurel, Tea Tree Calming, Promotes positivity, Encouraging Emotionally, balancing Grounding
CamphoraceousCamphor, Cajeput, Eucalyptus, LavandinStimulating, Refreshing, Focus-enhancing
MintySpearmint, Wintergreen, PeppermintMotivating, Cooling, Invigorating, Mentally clarifying
Spicy Resinous/musky Woody/earthyAniseed, Basil, Black Pepper, Cardamom, Cinnamon, Coriander, Cumin, Ginger, Nutmeg, Cassia, Clove Bud, Frankincense, Myrrh, Peru Balsam, Cypress, Juniper Berry, Pine, Sandalwood, Cedarwood, Rosewood, Patchouli, Vetiver, Valerian, Carrot Seed   Bracing, Rousing, Crisp and penetrating, Lively, Grounding, Promotes relaxation and a sense of inner calm, Emotionally balancing, Uplifting, Known to be commonly used for intimacy enhancement, Tend to be associated with a casual feeling, Grounding, Uplifting, Emotionally balancing, Promote feelings of comfort, security, and, well-being, Often considered to be aphrodisiacs  

Plant Parts:

Essential oils are derived from different plant parts. Let’s have a look: 

Plant PartsOils Derived
GrassesLemongrass, Citronella and Palmarosa
Leaves and TwigsCajeput, Cedar Leaf, Cinnamon Leaf, Eucalyptus, Laurel Leaf, Tea Tree, Sage, and White Sage
Needles, Twigs, and BranchesCypress & Balsam Fir
Roots and RhizomesAngelica Root, Ginger, Ginger Lily, Garlic, Spikenard, Vetiver, and Valerian Root
Seeds, Berries, and BeansArgan Oil (Moroccan Oil), Cardamon Seed, Carrot Seed, Celery Seed, Coffee, Coriander Seed, Cucumber Seed, Cumin Seed, Dill Seed, Grape Seed Oil, Sweet Fennel, Juniper Berry, Juniper Berry, Rose Hip Seed, Nutmeg, Sugandhakokila, and Vanilla
Tree TrunksWood, Bark and Heartwood, myris, Cade (Prickly Juniper), Balsam gurjun, Peru Balsam, Cedarwood, Cinnamon Bark, and Blue Cypress & Sandalwood. 

Uses of Essential Oil in Different Fields:

Aromatherapy:

  • Relaxes & makes mind peaceful
  • Improves the health of the body, mind, and spirit
  • Enhances both physical and emotional health

Pharmaceutics:

  • Aids in digestion, disorders in the nervous system, bronchial complaints, rheumatism, and other ailments
  • Treats rheumatism, relieves pain, flu, colds, and chills
  • Helps in the circulation, muscle pains, emotional and physical coldness

Cosmetics:

  • Natural preserving agents
  • Positive effect on the human organism
  • Promote the renewal of cells 

Side Effects:


  1. These can irritate if used without dilution.
  2. Consult doctor before use if pregnant or breastfeeding.
  3. These can cause redness, rash, hives, burning, bleeding disorders, decreased speed of healing & low blood pressure.