Varieties of Carrier Oils

Varieties of Carrier Oils

Carrier oils are used for diluting essential oils. These are known as base oils or vegetable oils. Carrier oils are the best way to use them for safe use. These allow essential oils to spread easily & safely. 


Why Use Carrier Oils ?


Essential oils are lively that means these can disappear soon after applying. Carrier oils make this process slow. Carrier oils are used in different ways. Best oils have their own characteristics & therapeutic benefits. Every blend has its own impact. 

Different Types of Carrier Oils: These are divided into 4 categories:

  • Main carrier oils
  • Percentage-based carrier oils
  • Specialty oils
  • Macerated or infused oils    

There are many carrier oils & they fall into the following categories. Here are some oils for every category.

Main Carrier Oils: These are those oils that can be used at a 100% ratio of the blend. Here are some of the oils:

  • Sweet almond
  • Apricot Kernel
  • Coconut
  • Jojoba 
  • Kukui

Percentage-Based Carrier Oils:


These oils are rich that cannot be used for only one reason or another on their own. These can be too greasy or thick or expensive. These are:

  • Borage seed
  • Evening primrose
  • Neem 
  • Olive
  • Sesame seed
  • Wheat germ

Specialty Oils: These oils are very rare. These are used for therapeutic as a part of blends. These are:

  • Blackcurrant seed
  • Passionflower seed
  • Rosehip seed
  • Sea Buckthorn
  • Tamanu

Macerated or Infused Oils: These refer to those oils that are made in the traditional sense; it is done by introducing plant material into vegetable oil for a long time so that oil is filled with plant properties. When you choose a macerated oil it should be made in the same & not by extraction method. These are:

  • Arnica macerated oil
  • Calendula or marigold
  • Carrot root 

Categories of the Carrier Oils:


There are many stores that offer dozens of carrier oils. Let‘s know about the different carrier oils:

  • Beginner Carrier Oils (Olive & coconut): The kitchen is the right place to start for DIY herbal & aromatic preparations. It is the place where we can find medicines in our food.
  • Nut & Seed Carrier Oils (Almond & jojoba): You will not find these in your kitchen but you can buy them. These are easily the rich source of skin-health nutrients. 
  • Fruit Carrier Oil (Apricot, avocado & grape seed): These oils come from their fruits only; these are very affordable & accessible. 
  • Essential Fatty Acid Oils (Borage & evening primrose): These are the source of fatty acids & rich in vital nutrients.
  • Carrier Oils According to Skin types: These oils are base oils & are named carrier oils as they help in carrying the essential oils & cosmetics into the skin. These oils have healing properties & are beneficial for every skin. Here are the oils given according to the skin types:

Acne or Oily Skin:

  1. Neem oil
  2. Grape seed oil
  3. Jojoba oil

Combination Skin:

  1. Grape seed oil
  2. Jojoba oil
  3. Sunflower oil
  4. Apricot kernel oil

Sensitive Skin:

  1. Apricot kernel oil
  2. Grape seed oil
  3. Avocado oil
  4. Kukui nut oil

Normal Skin:

  1. Apricot kernel oil
  2. Jojoba oil
  3. Sunflower oil
  4. Sweet almond oil

Dry Mature Skin:

  1. Avocado oil
  2. Jojoba
  3. Olive oil
  4. Kukui nut oil
  5. Rosehip seed oil
  6. Tamanu oil
  7. Sweet almond

Damaged/Scars skin:

  1. Jojoba oil
  2. Kukui nut oil
  3. Tamanu oil
  4. Rosehip seed oil
  5. Seabuckthorn oil 

In-depth Comedogenic Scale of Oils:

NameComedogenic RatingSkin Type(s)Composition
Abyssinian Seed Oil0Most Skin TypesHigh in Erucic Acid and Moderate in Oleic Acid
Acai Berry Oil2Dry, Mature, IrritatedHigh in Oleic Acid and Moderate in Linoleic Acid
Almond Oil, Sweet2Dry, Sensitive, Acne-ProneHigh in Oleic Acid
Andiroba Seed Oil2Dry, Acne-ProneHigh in Oleic Acid, Moderate in Linoleic Acid
Apricot Kernel Oil2Combination, DryHigh in Oleic Acid
Argan Oil0Most Skin TypesHigh in Oleic Acid, Linoleic Acid
Avocado Oil3Dry, Acne-ProneHigh in Oleic Acid
Babassu Oil1-2Most Skin TypesHigh in Lauric, Myristic and Oleic Acid
Baobob Seed Oil2Most Skin TypesHigh in Oleic Acid, Moderate Linoleic
Black Currant Seed Oil0-1Dry, SensitiveHigh in Linoleic Acid + GLA and ALA
Blackberry Seed Oil0-1OilyHigh in Linoleic, Moderate Linolenic Acid
Black Cumin Seed Oil2CombinationHigh in Linoleic Acid, Moderate Oleic
Black Raspberry Seed Oil1-2Dry, Combination, Acne-ProneHigh in Linoleic Acid, Moderate Linolenic
Blueberry Seed Oil0-1Most Skin Types, especially Oily/Acne-ProneHigh in Linoleic Acid, Moderate Linolenic & Oleic
Borage Oil2Combination, Oily, SensitiveHigh in Linoleic Acid and GLA
Brazil Nut Oil2Dry, MatureHigh in Oleic Acid, Moderate Linoleic
Broccoli Seed Oil1Dry, Best for Night/HairHigh in Erucic Acid and Oleic Acid
Buriti Oil2Dry, MatureHigh in Oleic Acid
Camellia Seed Oil1Most Skin TypesHigh in Oleic Acid
Carrot Seed Oil3-4Dry, MatureHigh in Oleic Acid
Castor Oil1Most Skin Types, including Oily/Acne-ProneHigh in Ricinoleic Acid
Cherry Kernel Oil2Most Skin Types, especially Dry/IrritatedHigh in Oleic and Linoleic Acid
Chia Seed Oil3Best for Body UseHigh in Linolenic
Cloudberry Seed Oil1Oily, Acne-ProneHigh in Linoleic and Linolenic Acid
Cocoa Butter4Ideal for Body/Eye Area, not for Oily/Acne-ProneHigh in Oleic and Stearic Acid
Coconut Butter4Very Dry, Best for Body UseHigh in Oleic, Stearic and Palmitic Acid
Coconut Oil4Very Dry, Best for Body UseHigh in Lauric Acid
Coconut Oil, Fractionated2-3Most Skin TypesHigh in Caprylic and Capric Acid
Cottonseed Oil3Best for Hair or BodyHigh in Linoleic Acid
Cranberry Seed Oil2Dry, Acne-ProneHigh in Linoleic Acid, Moderate in Oleic and Linolenic Acid
Cucumber Seed Oil1Most Skin TypesHigh in Linoleic Acid
Date Seed Oil3DryHigh in Oleic Acid
Elderberry Seed Oil1-2Most Skin TypesHigh in Linoelic and Linolenic Acid
Emu Oil1Most Skin TypesHigh in Oleic Acid, Moderate in Palmitic Acid
Evening Primrose Oil2-3Oily, Acne-Prone, CombinationHigh in Linoleic Acid, Moderate in GLA
Flax Seed Oil (Linseed)4Very Dry, Best for Body UseHigh in Alpha Linolenic Acid
Guava Seed Oil1-2Most Skin TypesHigh in Linoleic Acid
Goji Berry Seed Oil0-1OilyHigh in Linoleic Acid
Grapeseed Oil1Most Skin TypesHigh in Linoleic Acid
Hazelnut Oil1Most Skin Types, especially Sensitive, Acne-ProneHigh in Oleic Acid
Hemp Seed Oil0Most Skin Types, including Oily/Acne-ProneHigh in Linoleic Acid, Moderate in Linolenic Acid
Jojoba Oil2Most Skin Types, including Oily/Acne-ProneHigh in Eicosenoic Acid
Karanja Oil2Dry, Hair UseHigh in Oleic Acid
Kiwi Seed Oil1Dry, Flaky, Hair UseHigh in Linolenic Acid
Kukui Nut Oil2Dry, Flaky, Hair UseHigh in Linoleic Acid, Moderate in Oleic and Linolenic Acid
Lanolin Oil2Very DryNA
Macadamia Nut Oil2-3DryHigh in Oleic Acid, Moderate in Palmitoleic Acid
Mango Butter2Most Skin TypesHigh in Oleic Acid, Moderate in Stearic Acid
Mango Seed Oil2Most Skin Types, particularly DryHigh in Oleic and Stearic Acid
Marula Oil3-4Very Dry, SensitiveHigh in Oleic Acid
Meadowfoam Seed Oil1Oily, Acne-Prone, SensitiveHigh in Eicosenoic Acid
Milk Thistle Seed Oil1Most Skin TypesHigh in Linoleic Acid
Mineral Oil0Most Skin TypesNA
Mink Oil3DryHigh in Oleic Acid
Moringa Oil3-4Dry, CombinationHigh in Oleic Acid
Mowrah ButternaMost Skin Types, especially Dry/DamagedHigh in Oleic and Palmitic Acid
Neem Oil1-2Dry, Acne-ProneHigh in Oleic Acid
Olive Oil2Dry, Acne-ProneHigh in Oleic Acid
Papaya Seed Oil2-3Dry, Acne-Prone, SensitiveHigh in Oleic Acid
Palm Oil4Very Dry, Best for Body UseHigh in Lauric Acid
Palm Oil, Red4Very Dry, Best for Body UseHigh in Oleic Acid, Moderate in Palmitic Acid
Passionfruit (Maracuja) Seed Oil1-2Oily, Irritated, Acne-ProneHigh in Linoleic Acid
Peach Kernel Oil2Dry, SensitiveHigh in Oleic Acid
Peanut Oil2Most Skin TypesHigh in Oleic and Palmitic Acid
Pecan Oil2Dry, CombinationHigh in Oleic Acid, Moderate in Linoleic Acid
Perilla Oil1-2Most Skin Types, especially DryHigh in ALA
Pistachio OilnaMost Skin Types, especially Dry/DamagedHigh in Oleic and Palmitic Acid
Plum Kernel Oil1-2Most Skin Types, especially MatureHigh in Oleic Acid, Moderate in Linoleic Acid
Pomegranate Seed Oil1Most Skin Types, especially MatureHigh in Punicic Acid
Prickly Pear Seed Oil1-2Most Skin Types, especially Oily/CombinationHigh in Linoleic Acid
Pumpkin Seed Oil2Most Skin TypesHigh in Linoleic Acid, Moderate in Oleic Acid
Red Raspberry Seed Oil0-1Most Skin TypesHigh in Linoleic Acid, Moderate in Linolenic Acid
Rice Bran Oil2Most Skin Types, especially Mature/CombinationHigh in Oleic and Linoleic Acid
Rosehip Seed Oil1Oily, Acne-ProneHigh in Linoleic Acid, Moderate in Linolenic Acid
Safflower Oil (High Linoliec)0Most Skin TypesHigh in Linoleic Acid
Sal Seed ButterDryHigh in Stearic and Oleic Acid
Sea Buckthorn Oil1Most Skin Types, especially Mature/DryHigh in Palmitic, Palmitoleic and Oleic Acid
Sesame Seed Oil3Dry, IrritatedHigh in Linoleic and Oleic Acid
Shea Butter0-2Normal, DryHigh in Oleic and Stearic Acid
Shea Oil0-2Very DryHigh in Oleic Acid, Moderate in Stearic Acid
Soybean Oil4-5Very Dry, Best for Body UseHigh in Linoleic Acid
Squalane Oil0-1Most Skin TypesHigh in Omega-2
Strawberry Seed Oil1Most Skin Types, especially Oily/Acne-ProneHigh in Linoleic and Linolenic Acid
Sunflower Seed Oil0-2Most Skin TypesHigh in Linoleic Acid
Tallow2DryHigh in Oleic Acid
Tamanu Oil2Most Skin Types, especially Scarred/SensitiveHigh in Oleic and Linoleic Acid
Tomato Seed Oil0-2Most Skin TypesHigh in Linoleic Acid, Moderate in Oleic Acid
Walnut Seed Oil1-2Most Skin TypesHigh in Linoleic Acid, Moderate in Oleic Acid
Watermelon Seed Oil0-1Most Skin Types, especially Oily/Acne-Prone/SensitiveHigh in Linoleic Acid
Wheat Germ Oil5Very Dry/Damaged, Spot TreatmentHigh in Linolenic Acid 

Dilution:


Dilution % Essential oil per 1 ounce Carrier oilUses
1% dilution6 drops of essential oils per 1 ounce of carrier oilGood for sensitive skin face, genitals, underarms, babies to toddlers
2-3% dilution12 – 18 drops of essential oil per 1 ounce of carrier oilStandard adult concentration for massage oils, creams and DIY recipes
5% – 10% dilution0 – 60 drops of essential oil per 1 ounce of carrier oilMore for acute conditions like infections. Don’t use it for more than a week at a time.
25% dilution150 drops of essential oils per 1 ounce of carrier oilFor a one-time application like wart removal, skin tags, or areas with localized pain.
50% dilution1:1 ratio of carrier to essential oilsNot recommended unless under the supervision of a trained professional. 

Common Carrier Oils:

OilsAromaViscosityColorShelf-LifeNotable
Almond oilLight, Sweet, NuttyMediumYellow Tint12 MonthsAll purpose
Apricot OilFaintMediumYellow Tint12 MonthsGood for massage
Avocado oilSweet, NuttyThickOlive Green12 MonthsHigh in vitamin A, Good for hair
Black Cumin Seed oilWoody, EarthyMediumGolden Brown2 YearsHygiene
Borage Seed oilLight, SweetThin to MediumLight Yellow6 MonthsHigh Fatty acid content
Calendula oil Spicy, SweetThinAmber12 MonthsDon’t use if allergic to Ragwood
Camilla seed oil LightMediumLight Yellow1-2 YearsRich in vitamin E
Coconut oil OdorlessLightClearIndefiniteDistilled
Cranberry Seed oil FruityMediumGolden Yellow2 YearsHigh in omega oil & vitamin E & A
Evening Primrose Light, SweetThinMedium Yellow6 MonthsRich in fatty acids
Grape seed oilLight, Nutty, SweetThinClear6-12 MonthsAll purpose
Hazelnut oilLight, Nutty, SweetThinLight Yellow12 MonthsGood for oily skin
Hempseed oilFaint, NuttyMediumLight green6-12 MonthsSoothes & restores dry skin
Jojoba oilLightMediumGolden YellowIndefiniteGood for acne prone skin
Kukui nut oilLight, Sweet, NuttyThinYellow Tint12 MonthsGood for many skin problems  
Macadamia Nut oilSweet, NuttyThickYellow Tint12 MonthsGood for massage  
Meadow foam oil OdorlessMediumPale YellowIndefiniteGoof for anti-aging, high in vitamin E
Olive oilStrongThickGreen1-2 YearsMay overpower blend
Peanut oilLight, NuttyThickClear12 MonthsGood to support joint function
Pecan OilLight, NuttyMediumClear12 MonthsMay overpower blend
Pomegranate Seed oilOdorlessMediumYellow12 MonthsGood for dry skin  
Rosehip oilMild, EarthyLightClear6-12 MonthsRich in Fatty acids  
Sea Buckthorn Berry Oil UnkMediumOrange12 MonthsCan stain skin if not diluted enough  
Sesame OilFaint, NuttyMedium-ThickPale Yellow12 MonthsGood for massage    
Sunflower oil (Unrefined)Faint, SweetThinYellow Tint12 MonthsAll purpose
Walnut oilRich, NuttyThinLight12 MonthsDon’t use if allergic to nuts
Watermelon Seed OilFaint, NuttyLightYellowIndefiniteRich in fatty acids
Wheat germ oilWheat, NuttyThick, StickyLight12 MonthsHigh in vitamin E